The National Event Management System (NIMS) has a comprehensive, national approach to incident management. Its use at all levels of government and across all functional specialties. NIMS was created with the following goals in mind:
- Adaptable to a wide range of potential accidents and danger scenarios, independent of their size or complexity.
- In a range of domestic incident management operations, improve coordination and collaboration between public and private entities.
What Is the Purpose Of A National Incident System?
Every day, an emergency occurs somewhere in the United States. Therefore, fires, hazardous materials incidents, natural and technological disasters are all examples of emergencies.
There must be a response to each incident. Then, Responders need to be able to communicate with one another and work together. Whether they are from various departments within the same jurisdiction, mutual aid partners, or State and Federal authorities.
NIMS Management Characteristics:
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is made up of many characteristics. So that, it works together to offer a national framework for planning, avoiding, reacting to, and recovering from domestic crises. These are NIMS management characteristics as follows:
- Common Terminology
- Organization in Modules
- Objective-based management
- Facilities and Sites of the Incident
- Chain of Command
Although these systems are still growing, there is a lot in place right now.
The Incident Command System (ICS) offers Common Terminology. Therefore, it allows incident management and support organizations to work on a wide range of emergency functions and dangerous scenarios. The following terms are included in this common terminology:
1. Functions Of The Organization:
Major functions and functional units responsible for incident management have been identified and specified. After that, they remain consistent and standard.
2. Descriptions Of The Resources:
Major resources like people, equipment, teams, and facilities are given common names. They are then “typed” according to their capabilities.
3. Facilities For Incidents:
The facilities in the region of the incident area are referred to by a common terminology.
Organization In Modules:
The organizational structure of the Event Command System (ICS) develops in a modular form. So that, it is depending on the size and complexity of the incident.
- The Incident Commander is in charge of establishing and expanding the ICS modular organization.
- The ICS organization may increase as the event becomes more complicated and functional responsibilities are transferred.
The Incident Commander, also known as the Unified Command, creates incident objectives that guide incident operations.
The following are the list of Management by Objectives:
- Defining specific, measurable incident objectives.
- Then, achieve the objectives, identify strategies, tactics, tasks, and activities.
- To complete specified tasks, create and distribute assignments, plans, processes, and protocols.
- Results for incident objectives are being documented.
Facilities And Sites of the Incident:
Depending on the size and complexity of the incident, Incident Command may establish several types of support facilities. The following are common examples of designated facilities:
- Incident Command Post (ICP)
- Areas of mass casualty triage
- The base of operations, staging sites, and camps
- Shelters for those in need
Chain Of Command:
The chain of command is an organized line that shows how authority flows across the incident management organizational processes. Then, the command chains areas:
- Allows an Incident Commander to direct and manage all incident personnel’s incidents.
- Orders must come from supervisors to avoid confusion.
Moreover, the chain of command does not restrict employees from communicating with each other to request or share information. While the chain of command provides formal direction and control, informal information sharing happens throughout the ICS structure.
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