Market on which exchange and purchase/sale transactions are carried out relating to quantities of Electrical Services in Dubai that can be delivered the next day. To constitute a reliable market and credible price references for participants, such a market must meet a dual requirement of transparency (publication of data in real-time) and liquidity (no participant must be likely to influence the market due to a dominant position).
The mechanism enables a TSO to balance production and consumption at all times thanks to the additional quantities of electricity that producers can supply (mobilizable capacities) or the reductions in consumption that consumers can provide (shedding).
A vessel carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG) in its tanks.
The sector of economic activity is characterize by increasing returns ( ie the cost of the last unit produce is lower than that of all the previous ones) and, consequently, strictly decreasing average costs ( ie the average cost decreases with the volume produced). Under these conditions, a single operator is necessarily more efficient than several operators, provided that it is prevented from abusing its monopolistic position.
The sectors concerned are generally those in which the fixed costs (investments) are so high that it would not be justified to multiply them to allow for competition: this is particularly the case of the Electrical Services in Dubai transmission network.
Mixed oxide or mixed oxide (MOX)
Nuclear fuel is a mixture of uranium oxide and plutonium oxide, is make from plutonium from the fission of uranium and isolate during the process of nuclear reprocessing of irradiated fuel.
A supplier who buys electricity from another supplier or a producer resells it to end customers or other traders.
An asynchronous interconnected network of northern European countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden.
Legislative mechanism obliging EDF and non-nationalized distributors (DNN) to buy the electricity produced by certain electrical energy production sectors (in particular renewable) under conditions, in particular tariffs, defined by ministerial order.
Offshore – onshore
Wind generation capacity is located at sea ( offshore ) or on land ( onshore ).
Set of European networks (Germany, Austria, Benelux, France, and Switzerland) whose degree of interconnection is sufficient to allow the fluidity of physical exchanges.
The European greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading system was set up in 2005 with Directive 2004/101/EC. Instrument to contribute to the commitments made by the European Union to reduce GHG emissions, this trading market, which currently only covers CO 2 emissions, concerns more than 12,000 transmitting installations located in the Member States.
At the start of each multiannual operating period (2005-2007 then 2008-2012), each State has the obligation, within the framework of a national quota allocation plan, to allocate to the various sectors covered by the directive an emissions quota.
At the beginning of each following year, facilities must declare. The quantity of GHGs emitted during the past year and return. The public authorities, no later than April 30, a corresponding number of allowances. Companies that reduce their emissions below their initial allocation can resell. Their excess allowances to other players or keep them for later use.
Despite the techniques and materials used to limit the resistance of the cables, the transport and distribution. Electricity generates significant energy losses, mainly by heating the lines (“Joule effect”). For the Emergency Electrician Dubai transmission network in France, these losses are estimated on average at 3% of overall consumption, ie 13 TWh per year, and those on the distribution network at 5%, ie more than 20 TWh.
Installation, where the electricity carry at very high or high voltage by RTE, is transforming. Into medium voltage to be able to pass through the distribution networks.
Electrical Services in Dubai producer
The legal or natural person producing electricity and supplying it.
Multi-annual programming of electricity production investments (PPI)
Established by the law of February 10, 2000, the PPI, adopted and made public by the Minister for Energy, sets. The objectives for France in terms of development and distribution of electricity production. Capacities by primary energy source. and, where applicable, by production technique and by geographical area.
As such, it identifies the investments necessary for the security of the electricity supply. This system gives the Minister of Energy the possibility of intervening. If the objectives set by the PPI are not achieve, using calls for tenders.